Developing People asked:
In 1959, Kirkpatrick first outlined four levels of training evaluation:
Â· Reactions â€“ â€˜liking or feelings for a programmeâ€™.
Â· Learning â€“ â€˜principles, facts etc absorbed by the participants.
Â· Behaviour â€“ â€˜using learning on the jobâ€™.
Â· Results â€“ â€˜increased production, reduced costâ€™s etcâ€™.
Clearly an organisation would not invest in a new product or service if management thought that it would be a flop!
Any evaluation must therefore start at the design stage of a programme.
What is the purpose of the management training?
What issues is the organisation struggling to resolve?
What does the organisation wish to see differently from its people?
For example, does the organisation wish to:
Â· Increase productivity of staff?
Â· Reduced mistakes/quality problems?
Â· Increased sales or market share?
Â· Have more effective and productive working relationships between managers/functions?
Â· Improve motivation and reduce staff turnover.
Once the outcomes of a management training and development programme are clear, it makes the task of evaluation much easier.
Building on the principles of Kirkpatrickâ€™s model of training evaluation, the impact a programme has on individual managers, their teams and ultimately the organisation can be assessed in a number of ways.
Â· Individual â€“ The impact the management training and development has had on the individuals performance and behaviour can be measured via achievement of personal targets (e.g. cost reductions, sales increases etc) as well as observations from their manager or via 360Â° feedback appraisals.
Â· Team â€“ The impact the programme has had on the managers team can be measured via achievement of team targets and performance measures (e.g. customer satisfaction, absence rates etc) as well as observations on team behaviour from external/internal feedback surveys.
Â· Organisation â€“ Ultimately the impact a management training and development programme has on the organisation can be assessed via the organisations own metrics (profitability, sales growth, market share etc) as well as internal employee satisfaction and motivation surveys.
It is vital that organisations assess the impact their management training and development programmes have to ensure that the investment they make pays off. To achieve this, the purpose and outcomes of the programme must be clearly defined and methods of monitoring set up to collect the relevant data at an individual, team and organisational level.