Unlike most religious expressions, Messianic Judaism cannot be traced to any other person except Yeshua. When more and more gentiles became Believers and with the destruction of Jerusalem, the Church became decreasingly Jewish and increasingly Gentile. There has been a small amount of Jews who have believed in Yeshua, but due to pressure and persecution, most severed the connection with their Jewish heritage and converted to Gentile ways of life.
There is no contemporary founder or leader, and no one speaks for the entire Messianics community. Messianic Judaism, although rooted in the original church of Yeshuaâ€™s Disciples, found its modern beginning from the Hebrew-Christian movement in the 19th century. Originating in England, Hebrew-Christian congregations began emerging, and in 1866, The Hebrew-Christian Alliance was formed.
In the 1960â€™s, many young adults in the U.S., including many Jews, found Jesus as their Messiah during the commonly known as â€œJesus Movementâ€. Since this new wave of Messianic Jewish congregations appearing, the Messianic population has been increasing steadily in the U.S., Israel and around the world.
Core doctrines of Messianic Community
Â· God – Messianic Jews believe in God (Adonai of the Bible), and that He is all-powerful, omni-present, eternal, exists outside of creation, and is infinitely significant and benevolent. Messianic Jews believe in the Shema, ‘Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD’ showing the uniqueness of the God of Israel.
Â· Yeshua the Messiah – Jesus (Yeshua) of Nazareth, is believed to be the Jewish Messiah in Messianic Judaism. Messianic believers accept Yeshua as “God in the flesh”, and as “the Torah made flesh” (John, 1:14).
Â· Written Torah â€“ Messianic believers, with few exceptions, consider the written Torah, the five books of Moses, to remain fully in force and they therefore believe that it is a holy covenant, which is to be observed both morally and ritually, by those who profess faith in God. They believe that Jesus taught and re-affirmed the Torah, rather than did away with it
Â· Israel – It is believed that the Children of Israel were, remain, and will continue to be the chosen people of the God of Jacob, and are central to his plans for existence. Virtually all Messianics) can be said to oppose supercessionism, popularly referred to as replacement theology, the view that the Church has replaced Israel in the mind and plans of God.
Â· The Bible – The Tanakh and the Apostolic Writings, sometimes called the “Bâ€™rit Chadasha,â€ are usually considered to be the established and divinely inspired Biblical scriptures by Messianic Jews.
Â· Biblical Eschatology – Most Messianics hold all of the following eschatological beliefs: the End of Days, the Second Coming of Jesus as the conquering Messiah, the re-gathering of Israel, a rebuilt Third Temple, a Resurrection of the Dead (and that Jesus was resurrected after his death), and the Millennial Sabbath.
Oral Law – Messianic Jewish opinions concerning the â€œOral Torahâ€, encoded in the Talmud, are varied and sometimes conflicting between individual congregations. Virtually all Messianic congregations and synagogues can be said to believe that the oral traditions are subservient to the written Torah. It is important to note that Jesus followed some oral traditions but opposed others.